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Paradise Cave

In the city
Contact ul. Dobrzączka
26-060 Chęciny

tel.: 41 346 55 18
e-mail: jaskiniaraj@lysogory.com.pl

Description

The first safe hiding place. The first art gallery. The first temple. Last place untouched by a human foot. Silence, darkness, mystery - a cave.

One of them, hidden in a small hill Malik, was called Paradise to express the unprecedented beauty that the explorers saw. Paradise is a pearl among Polish caves, a place constantly challenging future generations of scientists. Its karst world was created in limestone, rocks prone to dissolution. Slowly for millions of years, atmospheric waters acidified with carbon dioxide penetrated deep into the hill, carving a single-level system of corridors and chambers with a total length of 240 m. At the same time, water applied small particles of soil from the outside, which filled with limestone debris accumulated as a result of mechanical weathering of the walls and ceiling of the cave , underground space, creating a natural record of the history of the cave - a silt. Taking its contents, we can go back to the last Ice Age.

In a harsh, cold climate, the cave provided shelter for numerous animals: cave bears, hyenas, wolves and polar foxes. In the tundra growing on the area, flocks of mammoths, reindeer, wild horses grazed. Rich hunting grounds lured the original hunters, and the cave twice became their hiding place.

They camped near the entrance to the cave and in the Pre-chamber. witness
about this found in the flint deposits of tools: scrapers, cutters, scrapers, as well as numerous remains of hunted Pleistocene animals. Analysis of the find allowed to identify prehistoric hunters. They were Neanderthals, and their camp is one of the northernmost Paleolithic positions of Moorish culture in Europe.

When the climatic conditions deteriorated, the water invaded the cave
from a nearby river, a natural entrance, silted with sediments and covered with rock rubble, became inaccessible. The cave has lost its inhabitants but has not stopped "living". Only then, as a result of the precipitation of calcium carbonate from the waters seeping through the ceiling, the stalactite robe that now adorns the interior of the cave began to form.

The contemporary history of the cave is reflected in its discovery in September 1964. Due to the unique archaeological and natural value of the find, it was decided to include legal protection in this place, establishing it as a nature reserve.

At the same time, it was decided to show this world to all who would like to learn about underground beauty.

Before entering the cave, we visit the introductory museum exhibition
in the subject of karst phenomena, here we can also admire interesting archaeological and paleontological exhibits found in the cave research. Undoubted attractions are life-size figures of hunters from the Ice Age - Neanderthals. Then we go through the adit which was built to protect the underground microclimate, to the door located in the main opening of the cave. The cave is inhabited by an interesting cave fauna including bats.

In the cave, 10 species of bats fall into a winter sleep (hibernate). The largest species in the cave is the largest national bat, the largest nocturnal bat. All domestic species of bats feed on insects only and are protected by law. They play a significant role in our economy and agriculture, eliminating a number of insects causing damage from the environment. It is forbidden to disturb them in a sleep cycle because these mammals can die, it requires awakening, it involves the use of more fat.

History and Information

The "Raj" Cave is one of the most famous tourist attractions in the Świętokrzyskie Mountains and one of the most beautiful karst caves in our country. It delights with the richness and diversity of calcite infiltrate forms. There are here clusters of stalactites with a unique density on a global scale. The cave was recognized as an inanimate nature reserve and an archaeological site.

Since 1972, it has been made available for tourism only under the supervision of a guide. It is a cave with horizontal development, it can be visited without special skills. The route is electrically illuminated and suitable for sightseeing by tour groups. Paradise Cave is a typical karst cave developed in limestone. Although small, it stands out among the Polish caves with rich and well-preserved drip coat. It is one of the few electrically lit caves in the country (fiber optic lighting) and open to the public under the supervision of a guide. The corridors of the cave were created in the limestone of the central Devonian, which about 360 million years ago were formed on the bottom of the shallow sea. The development of the cave occurred in several stages, mainly towards the end of the Tertiary and in the Quaternary.

  • Length of natural cave corridors 240 m,
  • Length of an artificial pavement 40 m,
  • The length of the tourist route inside the cave 180 m,
  • The temperature inside the cave 8-9ºC,
  • Humidity (above) 95%

The entrance to the cave leads through an adit which was made in the place where the former cave opening was located, which in the last millennia has been completely covered with a natural slip from the slope.

 

Description of the route

The length of the tourist route is 180 meters and starts in the pavilion, where a museum exhibition is organized introducing tourists to the subject of karst. Here you can see the flint tools of the Neanderthal man who lived in the cave around 50,000 years ago, as well as the remains of prehistoric animals - mammoth, woolly rhinoceros, cave bear - hunted and looking for shelter in the cave. The museum recreated the camp of the Neanderthal family with three life-size figures.

From the pavilion, an artificial tunnel with a length of 21 meters leads to the interior of the cave. It acts as a lock protecting the microclimate of the cave. Behind it is a large Pre-Chamber connecting three strings of cave corridors. In the upper part of the chamber there was an opening, which the explorers got into the cave. Another one - the Złomisk Chamber - is the largest hall in the cave. You can see here huge boulders that broke from the ceiling and later were covered with stalactites. Noteworthy is the column called Harfa, translucent after highlighting. Then a 40 meter long artificial tunnel expands and goes to the Column Hall, where there are full of stalactite columns and stalactites, numerous fossils of corals in the walls, and bottoms are covered by lakes, necks and rice fields. Pizoids, i.e. loose ball-shaped infiltrates, called cave pearls, are very rare. A bridge over a small lake leads to the Stalactite Hall. There are hundreds of stalactites in various stages of development. Their number reaches over 200 pieces / m2. At the bottom there are stalagmites and composite infiltrates forming interesting forms, for example, an infiltration column called the "Pagoda". The next fragment of the cave is the High Hall with a ceiling - 8 m above the level of the pavement. Going farther again, we get to the Pre-Chamber, closing the loop of the tourist route.

The cave can be visited from January 15 to November 15. The temperature in Paradise Cave is + 90C, humidity around 95%. Therefore, we suggest visitors, especially children, to provide themselves with appropriate clothes for this temperature. Visiting the cave takes place in groups of max. 15 cars every 15 minutes. Visit time about 45 minutes. The ticket price includes a guide service in Polish. In the case of school groups, one guardian of each entering group has the right to enter the cave for FREE.

Due to the protection of the microclimate of the cave and its infiltration cover, restrictions on tourist traffic have been introduced. Every day, the Paradise Cave can visit the number of people specified by law. Therefore, we recommend to all tourists prior reservation, which guarantees access to the cave

We cordially invite you to visit the Paradise Cave which is a geological pearl of the Świętokrzyskie Region

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Chęciny, Świętokrzyskie
, 26-060 Chęciny
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