Świętokrzyski National Park

In the city
Contact ul. Suchedniowska 4
26-010 Bodzentyn

tel./fax.: 41 311 51 06
tel./fax.: 41 311 50 25
e-mail: dyrekcja@swietokrzyskipn.org.pl


The Świętokrzyskie Mountains are the oldest in Poland. Elevated in three different tectonic periods, they spread out in the Małopolska Upland, between Pilica and the Vistula.

Their outlines are gentle and their heights are small. However, they fascinate with their extremely original structure, varied vegetation and the animal world.

Thus, at the beginning of the 20th century, the idea of ​​protecting the area of ​​Łysogór was born. In 1908, the Polish National History Society - Commission for the Protection of Natural Monuments proposed a creation of a nature reserve here. Almost half a century has begun, a period of social efforts to create a national park in this area.

In 1920, the strict sanctuary in Chełmowa Góra was established first in the Świętokrzyskie Mountains. He embraced the forest complex with a natural position of Polish larch. In 1924, two further reserves were created: the reserve on Łysa Góra and Łysica. In 1932, the area adjacent to existing reserves was partially protected. In addition, a partial reserve was established at Miejska Góra. The total area of ​​reserves was then 1347.4 ha and was the backbone of the future Park.

After the Second World War, efforts were continued to protect this area. Their culmination was the creation in 1950 of the Świętokrzyski National Park. In 1996, the area of ​​the Park was expanded to include the Klonowski range and the Zapusty complex.

Currently, the area of ​​the Park covers an area of ​​7626.45 ha, and its buffer zone is 20,786.07 ha. The Park consists of: Łysogórskie Range with the highest peaks in the Świętokrzyskie Mountains - Łysica (612 m above sea level) and Łysa Góra (595 m above sea level), part of the Klonowski Mountain with the Psarska Mountains (415 m), Miejska (426 m) and Bukowa (484 m above sea level), part of the Pokrzywiańskie Range with Chełmowa Góra (351 m above sea level), and part of the Wilkowska and Dębniańska valleys.

The area of ​​the Park is divided, in administrative terms, into 8 protective areas (forestry): Chełmowa Góra, Dąbrowa, Dębno, Jastrzębi Dół, Klonów, Podgórze, Święta Katarzyna, Święty Krzyż. The tasks planned earlier are implemented, consisting in the protection of natural, cultural and landscape values.

In the Świętokrzyski National Park, areas under landscape, active and strict protection have been identified. In the area of ​​strict protection, human intervention was forbidden. It was left to the free influence of the forces of nature. Five such areas have been designated in the Park, most of them previously being reserves:

- "Chełmowa Góra". Created in 1920 to protect the natural larch stands of the Polish Larix polonica. Currently its area is 13.2 ha. On this small area there are broadleaved forests, mixed forests and beech forests.

- "Łysica - Holy Cross". Created as a result of the merger in 2016, established in 1924, the "Lysica" and "Holy Cross" reserves. It covers an area of ​​2383.64 ha. There are hornbeam forests, fir forests and beech forests. A very valuable element is the extensive boulder.

- "Black Forest". Created in 1954. The area is 26.5 ha. It is made up of mixed forests, oak-hornbeam forests, small-leaved lime, sometimes beech or alder, alder and marshy meadows.

- "Wet Bór". Created in 1954 with an area of ​​37.9 ha. It includes the only areas in the Park, small areas of bog reed and bog forest and fresh coniferous forest. There are also high and transitional bogs.

- "Psarski Dół". Created in 2016 with an area of ​​451.15 ha. It was created in order to preserve the spruce-fir forests. Ecosystems occurring in this area are characterized by a unique natural value and a high degree of naturalness, as well as dynamically running processes characteristic of moist forests with a large share of spruce and fir in the forest stand.



Source: Świętokrzyski National Park http://www.swietokrzyskipn.org.pl/



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Bodzentyn, Świętokrzyskie
Suchedniowska 4, 26-010 Bodzentyn

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